The Multi-Annual Financial Framework (MFF) determines the budget spending of the EU for a period of at least five years. The current MFF which ran from 2014 to 2020, is coming to an end. The EU institutions and Member States are elaborating the new MFF for the period of seven years, from 2021 to 2027.
The procedure of establishing the MFF starts with:
1. A proposal by the European Commission is put on the table, that sets out the regulation laying down the MFF (the headings, instruments, structure, legal basis)
2. This proposal must be adopted by the Council of Ministers by unanimity, after obtaining the consent of the European Parliament.
Our confederation focuses on the External Instruments as these are the instruments which fund development cooperation. They represent about 6 % of the total EU budget under the umbrella “Global Europe”.
Have a look at the reverse chronological timeline below
to know more about the process and the next steps
Formally, the MFF is approved by a unanimous decision of the Council of Ministers with the Parliament having to also give consent. It is clear that this will not be done before the European Parliament elections, as was previously proposed.
The new budget will enter into force in January 2021 for a period of 7 years, until 2027.
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The Road to Budget4Solidarity : Half-Way there
In this article, we recap the progress achieved within the European Parliament in regards to the MFF/NDICI negotiations. Head inside and hit the road!
A direction to follow
On March 27, following months of negotiations, the European Parliament finally confirmed its stand on the external instrument of the upcoming long-term EU budget 2021-2027. It is a commitment to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, human rights and gender equality.
A crucial step forward
On 4 March 2019, the Foreign Affairs and Development Committees gathered to agree on their joint position on establishing the NDICI, the new single instrument for external actions under the next MFF. The vote’s outcome proves the committees are doing their part in creating a true budget for solidarity!
On 13 & 14 December 2018, the European Council discussed the future EU budget. Ahead of that discussion, CONCORD and other umbrella organisations sent a letter to Heads of State and Government raising concerns on the amount dedicated to development aid.
Foreign Affairs Council
On 26 November 2018, the Foreign Affairs Council discussed the external instruments of the future EU budget. Ahead of that discussion, CONCORD and Eurodad sent a letter to the VP Federica Mogherini in which they raised concerns about the private sector instruments, namely the EFSD+ and the External Action Guarantee.
Analysis of the thematic programmes
Through this document, CONCORD wants to explain in details why the current proposed amount of 7 billion EUR for thematic lines under the Neighbourhood, Development and International Cooperation Instrument (NDICI) is insufficient and will not allow the EU to deliver for its commitments. In parallel, the document develops an alternative proposition and concrete recommendations.
On 12 October 2018, an important conference titled “EU Budget for the Future – the road ahead” gathered members from the EU institutions, policy makers and the media to discuss the future of the EU budget. Helle Thorning, CEO of Save the Children International, represented the voice of civil society in the panel.
CONCORD used this key moment to raise awareness on its position and keep advocating for a #Budget4Solidarity
Analysis of the external programme regulation
CONCORD went through the draft regulation of the NDICI, i.e. the programme for Development Cooperation (NDICI = Neighbourhood, Development and International Instrument). Find below the proposed amendments of the recitals and the annexes.
Also, CONCORD and Eurodad co-wrote 10 key concerns with the European Fund for Sustainable Development plus (EFSD+) in the MFF 2021-2027.
Informal Foreign Affairs Council
Member States’ position – CONCORD’s analysis
While EU Member States have published their position on the 2019 EU budget, CONCORD worked on a deeper analysis of the external funding instrument, i.e. the NDICI (the neighbourhood, development and international cooperation instrument).
What is the impact of the future EU budget on migration, sustainable development, Human Rights, gender or even geographic programmes? Get a detailed answer in our latest analysis (updated version from July to August).
The European Council met on the 28th and 29th of June in Brussels. The EU budget was in the agenda.
Ahead of this meeting, several civil society organisations prepared a joint letter gathering demands on the future EU budget (MFF). CONCORD was among the signatories.
Legal Basis of the external instruments
While the Commission released the legislative sectoral proposals on the 29th of May, the Commission published a more detailed functioning of the External Instruments on June 14th.
From then, the decisions on the EU budget were taken by the Council and the negotiations took place at Member States’s level. The Commission was no longer involved.
CONCORD reacted via a press statement as well a series of videos including messages from our constituency. Feel free to use these and share them widely.
Foreign Affairs Council (Development)
The Ministers of Foreign Affairs, Heads of State and Governments gathered in Brussels to discuss the external financing of the next EU budget.
CONCORD encouraged its members to share the reactions below during meetings with ministries and other stakeholders at national level as well as to send this position proactively ahead of the 22nd of May.
CONCORD meets the DEVE Committee
CONCORD Europe was invited to speak during the DEVE Committee meeting on 16 May, 2018 under the agenda point “Multi-annual Financial Framework (MFF) for 2021-2027: what does it mean for development cooperation?“. Katerzyna Lemanska (Coordination SUD / GHA) was representing our confederation, in the presence of the DEVE committee and the European Commission.
EU Commission’s communication
The European Commission launched its communication on the future EU budget, this communication gave a first overview of the main budget architecture and the resources allocated by EU Member States.
Below find CONCORD’s reaction on the proposal.
Workshop DEVE Committee – CONCORD
This workshop organised by the Committee of Development with CONCORD Europe focused on the MFF 2021-2017 and the Future of ACP-EU Relations. CONCORD’s reaction was discussed.
Merge of external instruments
The European Commission launched its official communication on the 2nd of May, including a merge of 12 different External Instruments.
While this proposal has a series of advantages, CONCORD is concerned that this proposal will not allow the EU to live up to its commitments on poverty eradication and sustainable development. See our general reaction from April 2018.
A Ministerial Conference took place in March 2018 during which Heads of States and Governments discussed the strategic direction of the future EU budget.
Ahead of the Conference, CONCORD, together with other platforms, EPLO, HRDN and VOICE, wrote a letter addressed to Heads of States and Governments asking for the future EU budget to include Human Rights and Sustainable Development at the core of their concerns.
Once the spending review was over, the drafting of the proposal by the European Commission started in January 2018 and will close on the 2nd of May.
The draft of the proposal started with a public consultation which opened on January 10th and closed on March 8th.
Back in 2017, CONCORD responded to the public consultation of the mid-term review on the External Financing Instruments. Find below the summary of CONCORD’s contribution.
European Parliament preparing the MFF
The European Parliament launched a report titled “Next MFF: Preparing the Parliament’s position on MFF post-2020”. All the Committees in the Parliament are invited to provide an opinion.
The DEVE Committee (Committee in charge of development matters) prepared some amendments to the text. So did the BUDG Committee (in charge of the Budget).
CONCORD reacted to the amendments made by DEVE and BUDG.
First steps of the EU Budget
The process of the next EU Budget started officially in June 2017 with a reflection paper from the Commission. In October, the Budget Committee of the Parliament adopted a resolution based on the EC reflection paper.
When it comes to the external instruments (the instruments which finance development aid), the Committee in charge of Development in the European Parliament (DEVE) worked all along from October 2017 to January 2018 to agree on a joint opinion which was then sent to the Budget Committee and the CODEV group in the Council.
As the Spending Review was finalised and presented to the public, CONCORD launched its first position paper in December 2017 providing guidance on the general direction of the future EU Budget.