The lack of transparency in the second revision process of the Cotonou Agreement, which failed to include all relevant actors, raised concerns among CSOs. In particular, issues of institutional reform, policy coherence for development, trade and climate change are developed in this briefing.

The CONCORD Cotonou working group expressed its serious concerns about the lack of transparency that marked this second revision of the CPA. Full transparency would have enabled better involvement from the European Parliament, the EU-ACP JPA, ACP national parliaments and civil society in the EU and in the ACP countries. This would not only have enhanced legitimacy and democratic participation, but would have allowed citizens to hold their governments to account.

The revision of the CPA will have an important impact on EU and ACP relations, especially on how the funds of the European Development Fund (EDF) are to be used in the coming five years.