CONCORD position paper on food security. A just and sustainable food system would: fulfil human rights, provide healthy and nutritious food, be participative and democratically controlled, recognise planetary boundaries for sustainability and stay inside them and provide resilience to shocks.
CONCORD advocates for a food system that enables everyone to eat a healthy, nutritious diet that is based in the right to food, shaped by planetary boundaries, resilient and defined by people.
The basis for this just and sustainable food system already exists, in the local food systems – family- based, small scale, diversified- that already feed the majority of the world’s people. However its potential is thwarted by the dominance of a
corporate and industrial food model which receives disproportionate political attention and support.
Solutions to the problems of our current food system require us:
· to ensure democracy and coherence in policy making, with a bottom-up approach. Governments must in particular respect and strengthen the role of the UN Committee on World Food Security (CFS) that offers a promise to improve coordination and governance of the global food system.
· to opt for agroecological methods of production that maintain and increase biodiversity, regenerate ecosystems and opt out from production methods that ignore planetary boundaries.
· to prioritise local economies and tradeb that can support local producers to meet the growing and changing demand of city dwellers. International trade rules must allow policy space to support livelihoods and jobs where people live and ensure food is at all-time available locally.
· to focus investment policies on the provision of public goods (infrastructure, research and extension services, bank loans) which complement farmers’ own investments rather than facilitating foreign private sector investment that legitimise land and water grabs and promote corporations’ interests and products.
· to ensure stable and fair prices by using policy tools which help to stabilize food markets and food producers to cope with unpredictable harvests. Governments should be able to take measures against import surges, prices spikes and for the management of buffer stock.
· to guarantee the access to productive resources through secure and equitable rights for family farmers, especially women, to land, water, seeds and livestock breeds, fisheries and forests.
· to enable and promote better responsible food consumption and healthy diets by improving policies on public procurement, regulating the marketing of foods, ensuring consumers have access to information and discouraging high meat and dairy consumption.
· to redirect agricultural research towards meeting the needs of family farmers, improving nutrition, developing innovative agroecological methods and restoring the environment in direct collaboration with food producers.
· to develop better aid and development policies that are built on the human rights and support their realization, including the right to food and nutrition, with heightened attention to under-fives and mothers.